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The Condom

Frequently Asked Condom Questions

What is a condom?

The condom is a thin rubber sheath that is placed over the penis. When the penis is erect, the condom is placed over the tip of the penis.

How do condoms work?

Condoms prevent sperm from entering the vagina. The tip of the condom is squeezed to leave room for the fluid that is ejaculated. Then the condom is rolled down to the base of the penis. After sex, it is important for you or your partner to hold the condom at the base of the penis when removing it from the vagina to prevent spilling sperm inside the vagina. After one use, a condom must be thrown away.

Condoms are 85-98% effective in preventing pregnancy. When used properly and consistently they prevent pregnancy 98% of the time.

Who can use a condom?
A condom can be used by anyone who wants to protect themselves from pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases.
Who should not use a condom?

You should not use a latex condom if:

  • You have a latex allergy
  • You have an allergy to spermicides. There are some condoms that do not contain
What are the risks of using a condom?

Condoms can break during intercourse, allowing you to get pregnant. Some women have allergies to certain types of condoms.

What are the side effects of using a condom?
Some women experience vaginal irritation after using a condom.
What are the advantages of using a condom?
  • Low cost
  • No need to see a health care provider
  • Protects from sexually transmitted diseases including HIV and AIDS
  • 98% effective
  • May decrease the risk of spreading human papillomavirus 9HPV) – a cause of cancer in the cervix
What are the disadvantages of using a condom?


  • Side effects
  • Men have to use it every time during intercourse
  • Condoms do not completely prevent the transmission of human papilloma virus (HPV) infections, some of which can cause cervical cancer


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