The best amount to gain depends on how much you weighed right before you became pregnant. The doctor or staff will let you know if this weight is thought to be overweight, normal or underweight. For a single pregnancy:
Your body needs a good balance of foods to keep you healthy and build a healthy baby. Try to eat regularly and not skip meals. Important parts of your daily diet should include:
Other healthy foods to add to your diet are fresh fruits and vegetables. Butter, margarine or vegetable oils should only be used in small amounts, as these are empty calories. Try to avoid “junk food” (candy, sodas, and desserts). These are very high in calories and filling but have few nutrients or vitamins.
To keep from becoming constipated, try eating high fiber foods like bran, bran cereals, and breads, as well as fresh fruits and vegetables, including salads.
If you eat a proper diet, the only extra things you may need are iron and multivitamins with folic acid. Later in your pregnancy we may suggest you take an iron pill up to 3 times each day. Taking more vitamins and supplements that you buy over the counter may hurt your developing baby. Please talk to us before taking other vitamins or medications.
If you eat adequate amounts of food with iron in it, you may not need to take iron pills. These foods include: fish, meat (mainly organ meats like liver), bread or cereals with added iron, green leafy vegetables (like spinach), eggs, peanut butter, dried fruit (like raisins and prunes).
Too much of some types of vitamin A can cause damage to your baby’s brain and nervous system. Natural vitamin A, called beta-carotene, appears safe. Below is a list of the types of foods containing vitamin A that are safe and the kind you need to watch for carefully. You should follow these recommendations during this pregnancy and later when you are trying to get pregnant again.
Types of Vitamin A that can be dangerous in large amounts:
References 1: (December 2014). Committee Opinion on Management of Pregnant Women with Presumptive Exposure to Listeria Monocytogenes. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 124 (06), pp 1241-1244
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Updated IV, 17,
|Orange & Yellow Vegetables||Orange & Yellow Fruits||Green Vegetables|
|Carrots||Cantaloupe||Greens from Collards, Mustard|